Avocado in Hawaii – Tropical Garden V

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Featured Plant in Garden B - Avocado in Hawaii

1. Avocado Plant General Information:

  • Scientific Name: Persea Americana
  • Region of Origin:¬†Central America - The avocado probably originated in southern Mexico but was cultivated from the Rio Grande to central Peru before the arrival of Europeans.
  • Type:¬†Very Edible!
  • General History:¬†An avocado is a fruit
    Avocado Hawaii
    Avocado in Hawaii

    and not a vegetable! It is a member of the berry family. In the past, the avocado had a well-entrenched reputation for inducing sexual prowess. It wasn't purchased or consumed by any person wishing to protect their reputation! Growers had to sponsor a public relations campaign to dispel its ill-founded reputation before avocados became popular. Avocados got their name from the Spanish explorers. They couldn't pronounce the Aztec word for the fruit, known as ahuacatl, "testicle," because of its shape. The Spanish called the aguacate, leading to the guacamole we know today.

2) Avocado Plant Uses:

  • As Food:¬†Unlike many fruits that typically have a sweet or acidic taste, avocados have a smooth, buttery consistency and a rich flavor. A popular use is in¬†salads. Avocados are also processed into guacamole and can be used in sandwich spreads. Avocado paste with flavor extracts and skim milk can also be used to make an ice cream.
  • As Medicine:¬†Leaves twigs and fruit can be used as an emmenagogue. It will stimulate menstrual flow when menstruation is absent for reasons other than pregnancy, such as hormonal disorders or conditions like oligomenorrhea (infrequent or light menses).

3) Growing Avocados in Hawaii

  • General:¬†Avocado Trees prefer moderate temperatures of 60 F to 80 F. Different varieties of avocados mature throughout the year. Bright indirect light is best for young avocado plants, direct sun will give younger plants a sunburn!
  • Difficulties with this plant:¬†Avocados grow so prolifically that we weed them in non-designated zones! Some avocados are growing on the volcanic crater slopes and we are using them as natural posts and to control erosion. We try to¬†control the height of trees otherwise fruit is not harvestable.
  • History of this Plant at Hedonisia:¬†We now have so many avocado trees that the new plants count as a "weed" However, with at least 7 varieties we cater to avocado aficionados!

AVOCADO TARP CUSHION MAINTENANCE:

Avocados should reach full maturity before they are picked. However, they do not ripen on the tree. The tree can be used as a storage unit by keeping the fruit on the tree for many months after maturing. Eventually, they will fall.

We have avocado trees that produce over 300 avocados per season. When those avocados start to drop, if there is no 'cushion', they fall directly on the ground which damages the fruit. So we have developed the Tarp Cushion to maximize our harvest!

  • 1) Weed all the nearby areas to the avocado drop zone. (the slope of the back border, by Ohi'a Camper,¬†and so on)
  • 2) Take all the weeds and put them in big¬†piles all around the avocado drop zone.
  • 3) Take old raggy tarps and put them directly on the weed piles in an overlapping fashion so that the weeds provide a 'cushion'.
  • 4) When the avocados fall they will fall on the Tarp Weed Cushion. This means that they will not bruise so badly so they will ripen with much more edible flesh!
  • 5) As the season continues the weeds underneath the tarp will slowly rot and turn to mulch creating great compost for the next harvest!

TARP CUSHION UPKEEP:

Falling Leaves, rotting fruit, and heavy rain will eventually make the avocado weed cushion look scraggly. So about once every month during avocado season follow these steps to maintain the tarp cover:

  1. The tarps need to be taken off and brushed clean.
  2. The old weed pile is to be pitch-forked towards the avocado tree and leveled out.
  3. Gather fresh weeds and fallen leaves and put them on the weed pile as levelly as possible.
  4. Then put the tarps freshly back on.
  5. Make sure to cover all muddy spots in the area with weeds and then tarp it so that the entire drop zone for avocados has a cushion!
  6. Once Avocado Season is over, take the tarps off and put them away neatly.

When Avocados are in Abundance! We are open to any intern making deals with vendors and then taking batches of avocados out. We have already made a deal with the local sushi restaurant where they will give a free sushi meal for a bucket of avocados.

The lady at the corner has a stand. Other restaurants and farmers are often also open to deals. And we have at least 7 different varieties of avocados from the large ones behind Banana Hale to the buttery ones beside Rain Forest Tent.

Hedonisia Avocado Recipes

We created some unique recipes for using avocados on our property:

1 - Simple Avocado Bisque

  • 1 qt milk
  • 2 tablespoons fresh rosemary - chopped
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 4 med. avocados
  • 4 tablespoons lemon juice
  • dash of cayenne pepper

Directions:

  1. In a saucepan, combine milk, rosemary, and salt, and bring to a simmer (if the full boil is reached, the bisque is ruined!).
  2. Remove from heat and set aside for 1 hour.
  3. Blend avocado, lemon juice, and cayenne.
  4. Gently whisk the avocado mixture into the milk.
  5. Chill. Overnight is best, but 1 hour is ok.
  6. If serving heated, use the lowest heat setting and serve when hot, not simmering or boiling.
  7. Garnish with sour cream, fresh rosemary, croutons, or crushed crackers.

Variations: Substitute: rosemary for fresh tarragon. Tulsi basil for oregano

2 - Hawaiian Guacamole!

Ingredients

  • 2 ripe avocados
  • 1/2 med. tomato - seeded and diced
  • 2 Hawaiian bird peppers - seeded and minced
  • 2 tablespoons cilantro - coarsely chopped
  • juice of 1 lime
  • Salt and pepper - to taste

Directions:

  • Cut avocado and mash with a fork in med. bowl
  • Mix in the remainder of the ingredients
  • Serve immediately

Substitutes:

Cilantro for parsley, oregano for tulsi, Hawaiian bird pepper for jalapeno or serrano chiles, and tomato for pomegranate seeds.

Hedonisia Variations can include:

  • 1/2 small, sweet white onion
  • Cumin, curry powder, paprika, or favorite seasoning
  • Cucumber - seeded and finely chopped
  • Olives - pitted and chopped

Raw Avocado Chocolate Pie-Crust Ingredients:
1 1/2 cups almond flour/meal (ground at home or store-bought)
1/4-1/2 cup raw coconut oil
3 T raw honey
pinch of salt1. Fill a medium-sized bowl with warm/hot tap water and place coconut oil in the bowl so that the oil can soften/liquify.
2. Place almond flour in a large bowl and mash with a fork to break up any chunks.
3. Once the oil is softened, add to flour and mix well.
4. Add honey and salt to the mixture and mix with your hands until it forms a dough-like texture.
5. Press into a pie plate to make a crust and place in the freezer until the filling is complete.

Pie Filling:

  • 2 avocados
    1/4 cup maple syrup
    4 T nut milk
    1 vanilla bean or 1 t vanilla extract
    1/2 cup raw cacao powder
    1/4 cup raw coconut
     sugar

Directions:

  • 1.¬†In a food processor or vita-mix blender, combine avocados, maple syrup, nut milk, and vanilla until very smooth and silky.
  • 2.¬†Place mixture into a bowl. Add cacao powder and coconut sugar and mix with a spoon until well combined. Taste the filling and see if it is rich/sweet enough to your liking. You can always add a bit more of cacao and sweetener if you would like.
  • 3.¬†Pour/spoon filling into pie crust and spread evenly. It is ready to eat! Store in the fridge for up to four days.

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Pre-Volcano Garden V Instructions

Location:

Lodgings and/or Facilities in areas of Garden

This MIXED Garden has the following decorative plants:

This MIXED Garden has the following trees: 

  • Lemon
  • Mango

Maintenance Activities For This Garden:

Main Weeds: Cane Grass, Stink Maile, Fire Ants, Mexican Sunflowers, choking, creeping and climbing weeds

  • Spray Soapy Water mix before working in this area
  • Eradicate cane grass as close to the base as possible using a¬†Kama and pickax out if accessible
  • Use a Kama to cut the climbers and the chokers at the plant base to kill them. Remove¬†plants carefully.
  • Remove all creeping weeds from around the whole garden beds and walkways.
  • Remove Mexican Sunflower from the border - bring to crater slope at the road front

Identification and Labeling:

  • Tag and label ¬†transplanted trees with bright-colored tree ribbon
  • Date the tree with the date it was transplanted
  • Update plant pages if any are added or¬†removed from the garden.

Borders & Maintenance:

  • Pig-proof border by adding sticks and logs around to deter them from entering
  • Plant Ginger on the border planting closer to create a natural pig border - remove Mexican Sunflowers
  • Remove/harvest Guava trees (dig and get the root) next to Guava Hale - plant on slopes and trails for safety and erosion control
  • Remove plants and weeds in the back and the sides of Aloha Bus and replace w/ Ginger and low decoratives - open airflow
  • Keep sides and underneath the¬†Aloha Bus clear of weeds, sticks, and rubbish
  • Keep all walkways clear of leaves and sticks to avoid any slips or falls
  • Weed wall of decoratives by the bus walkway (towards neighbor property line behind the bus) neat and tidy to avoid overgrowth
  • Find, and identify, all Bamboo on the border

Harvesting:

  • Harvesting Bamboo regularly promotes a fuller Bamboo stand. Keep an eye to see if it's needed
  • Harvest the Citrus regularly in season
  • Some trees need topping or harvesting is difficult. ¬†Check with the director first about topping a tree or if you have any ideas for new¬†red plants in this area.

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