1) General Information:
- Location on Property: Jungle Shower, Garden G
Scientific Name: Anthurium spp.
- Region of Origin:
- Type: Beautiful & Useful
- General History: In 1889 the first anthurium was brought to Hawaii from London by S.M.Damon. After 100 years of cultivation and hybridization, the Hawaii anthurium is considered Hawaii’s principal ornamental export. In 1959 Hawaii produced 2.6 million flowers and by 1980 the anthurium production in Hawaii peaked at 2.5 million dozen flowers. Hawaii shipped anthuriums worldwide to Italy, West Germany, Switzerland, Australia, Japan, Taiwan, and the U.S mainland. More info here: Flowertemple.com.au
2) Plant Uses:
- As Food: na
- As Medicine: Use of anthurium in steam for the discomforts of arthritis and rheumatism. You cut up the leaves and boil it in a pot and have the person sit on it in a chair with a blanket. The person sweats and the medicinal properties enter the body through the open pores. It is also useful as a poultice for muscle aches and cramps. You take the leaf and wrap it around your neck or your back and at the end of the day, just peel it off. –> WARNINGS: The anthurium is listed in the University of Florida’s “Guide to the Poisonous and Irritant Plants of Florida.” All parts of the plant contain calcium oxalate crystals that are highly irritating to the skin and soft tissues.
- Other Uses: Commonly used as an ornamental plant in floral displays, or as houseplants
3) Growing Instructions
Growing: Anthurium likes wet moist shady rainforest weather. Anthurium grows in many forms, mostly evergreen, bushy or climbing epiphytes with roots that can hang from the canopy all the way to the floor of the rainforest. Anthuriums grow best with day temperatures of 78-90°F and night temperatures of 70-75°F.
- Best time to Harvest: /
- Sunlight Requirements: Full Shade, partial shade, full sunlight
- Soil Requirements: Anthuriums grow on a wide range of soil types ranging from sandy loams to heavy clays. This particular plant needs highly organic soil with good water retention capability and good drainage. A layer of coconut husks, semi-rotted wood, or sugar cane bagasse may be used for mulching.
- Controlling Spread: /
- Difficulties with this plant: Avoid draughts and strong temperature fluctuations. Will not tolerate frost or freezing. Temperatures above 90°F may cause foliar burning, faded flower color, and reduced flower life. Night temperatures between 40-50°F can result in slow growth and yellowing of lower leaves.
HISTORY OF THIS PLANT AT HEDONISIA: COMMERCIALLY IT HAS SPREAD TO HAWAII AS A MARKET CROP FOR FLOWER GROWERS, AND PAHOA, ON THE BIG ISLAND OF HAWAII, BILLS ITSELF AS “THE ANTHURIUM CAPITAL OF THE WORLD.”