1) Plant & General Information:
- Location on Property: Gardens: H, Bamboo Hut, Community Kitchen, Hang Out Area
- Scientific Name: Musa acuminata
- Region of Origin: Native to warm, temperate, and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, and the Americas, with the majority of the species native to Asia.
- General History: The tree was introduced into America for silkworm culture in early colonial times and naturalized and hybridized with the native red mulberry. The red or American mulberry is native to eastern United States from Massachusetts to Kansas and down to the Gulf coast. The black mulberry is native to western Asia and has been grown for its fruits in Europe since before Roman times.
2) Plant Uses:
- As Food: A delicious berry!
- As Medicine: Lots of Vitamin C!
- Other Uses: /
3) Growing Instructions
- Growing: Leaves of the red mulberry are thicker, and blunt toothed. They are rough on their upper surfaces and fuzzy underneath. The smaller black mulberry leaves are similar to those of the red mulberry, but with sturdier twigs and fatter buds.
- Best time to Harvest: White and red mulberry fruits (and hybrid fruits) are ready for harvest in late spring. The fruit of black mulberries ripen in summer to late summer.
- Sunlight Requirements: Full Shade, Partial Shade, Full Sunlight
- Soil Requirements: Mulberries like a warm, well-drained soil, preferably a deep loam. Shallow soils such as those frequently found on chalk or gravel are not recommended.
Propagation: Cutting, Division, Grafting, Seed, Separating
- Cut several healthy stems measuring approximately 4 to 6 inches in length.
- Use a sharp knife or pruners to prevent tearing the plant tissue.
- Make each cut just above a leaf node, which is where a leaf or bud emerges from the stem.
- Remove blooms, buds and leaves from the bottom half of the cut stems.
- Create planting holes with a small stick or the dull end of a pencil. Several stems can safely be planted in the same area as long as the leaves don’t touch.
- Plant the mulberry stems in the holes. Pat the soil firmly so the stems stand upright.
- Water thoroughly
- Difficulties with this plant: Growth of the plant begins to slow down at about 80° F and stop entirely when the temperature reaches 100° F. High temperatures and bright sunlight will also scorch leaves and fruit, although bananas grow best in full sun. Bananas require as much warmth as can be given them. The stalk of the leaves holds water which breeds mosquitos so we try to grow bananas at least 150 feet (the normal range of most mosquitos) from where people sleep.
- Controlling Spread: No special pruning techniques are needed after the branches have been trained to a sturdy framework, except to remove dead or overcrowded wood.
History of this Plant at Hedonisia:
Our chickens love to roost in this tree at night. It keeps them safe from predators, and they nibble on the fruit for a midnight snack! Those sneaky chickens!
If you have any information you would like to share about this plant, please Contact Us.