1) Plant History & General Information:
- Location on Property: Hideaway Camp, Puka Hale, Garden O, Garden X, Y, Z
Scientific & Other Names: Passiflora edulis Sims
- Region of Origin: South America
- Type: Beautiful & Useful
- General History: Originally from South America, Passionfruit spread to Australia wherein 1923, Mr. E. N. Reasoner brought the seeds to Hawai’i. In Hawai’i the two varieties are commonly called purple Liliko’i and yellow Liliko’i. Because the purple variety is subtropical while the yellow variety is tropical, Hawai’i tends to possess more of the yellow than purple Liliko’i
2) Plant Uses:
As Food: Both the juice/pulp and seed is edible, but the fruit must be mature, as toxins exist in the immature fruits. While the seeds are edible, it is the fruit that is mostly used. The pulp is normally pressed through a strainer and then bottled as a concentrate.
- As Medicine: Lilikoi is used in the treatment of insomnia, nervous tension, irritability, neuralgia, irritable bowel syndrome, premenstrual tension and vaginal discharges. An infusion of the plant depresses the motor nerves of the spinal cord, making it very valuable in the treatment of back pain. The infusion is also a sedative, slightly reduces blood pressure and increases respiratory rate.
- The herb contains alkaloids and flavonoids that are an effective non-addictive sedative that does not cause drowsiness. It is of great value in epilepsy.
- Other Uses: /
3) Growing Instructions
Growing: The Passion fruit is a climbing vine. More precisely, it is a very vigorous and fast growing climbing vine. Passionfruit vines have large, three-lobed leaves, little tendrils that wrap themselves around whatever they can get hold of
- Best time to Harvest: When the fruits reach either the purple or the yellow color (depends on the kind).
- Sunlight Requirements: Full sun, a warm climate, and protection from wind.
- Soil Requirements: Passionfruit vines need fertile soils, probably additional fertilizer, and they appreciate all the compost and mulch you can spare.
- Controlling Spread: Vines are easy to cut down.
- Difficulties with this plant: Passionfruit plants have a vulnerable root system.
History of this Plant at Hedonisia: We have both, yellow and purple Passion fruit on our property, very delicious.