1) General Information:
- Location on Property: All Slopes (Especially Garden X)
- Scientific Name: Psidium cattleianum
- Region of Origin: Native to Mexico and Central America, northern South America, parts of the Caribbean and some parts of North Africa, it is now cultivated throughout the tropics.
- Type: Edible
- General History: . It is native to Brazil and tropical South America, and was introduced to Hawaii in 1825. Currently there are no controls though Hawaii is in the process of importing an insect to slow its growth, all the while it produces fruit.
2) Plant Uses:
- As Food: A delicious edible fruit! Guavas are often considered superfruits, being rich in vitamins A and C, omega-3 and -6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (mainly in the seeds which must be chewed to obtain the omega fats) and especially high levels of dietary fiber. A single guava contains over four times the amount of vitamin C as a single orange (228 mg per 100 g serving), and also has good levels of the dietary minerals, potassium, magnesium, and an otherwise broad, low-calorie profile of essential nutrients.
- As Medicine: /
- Other Uses: The leaves of the tree can also be used to make a tea.
3) Growing Instructions
- Growing: Like a weed, you don’t have to do anything to it. It’s strong and sturdy enough to use as handrails on a trail!
- Best time to Harvest: The fruit starts out hard and green. At some point they begin to ripen and become mottled, a little, green, a little white, a little red. As a fruit turns color it also softens. At that stage it is perfect for picking.
- Sunlight Requirements: Full Shade, Partial Shade, Full Sunlight
- Soil Requirements: Must have good drainage.
- Propagation: Cutting, Division, Grafting, Seed, Separating
- Controlling Spread: Strawberry Guavas grow so prolifically that we weed them. Because the bark is smooth and the tree grows straight with strong tap root we are using them as natural posts and to control erosion.
- Difficulties with this plant: Must control height of trees otherwise fruit is not harvestable.
Strawberry guava grows the most on the property. We now use it as a utility plant to control erosion on slopes. And we have used it extensively in the construction of Guava Hut including it’s unique hand crafted Guava Bed!