1) Plant History & General Informaton:
- Location on Property: Garden M, Garden T, Garden S
Scientific & Other Names: Myrciaria cauliflora. Brazilian Grape Tree.
- Region of Origin: Brazil
- Type: Useful
- General History: All four of the jaboticaba species are native to the Minas Gerais region of Brazil. In Brazil, jaboticabas are cultivated from the southern city of Rio Grande to Bahia, and from the seacoast to Goyaz and Matto Grosso in the west. It was introduced into California (at Santa Barbara) about 1904.
2) Plant Uses:
- As Food: Produces purple grape-like fruits. The fruit is purplish black, with a white pulp; it can be eaten raw or be used to make jellies and drinks (plain juice or wine).
- As Medicine: Several potent antioxidants and anti-inflammatory anti-cancer compounds have been isolated from the fruit, one that is unique to the fruit is jaboticabin.
- Other Uses: N/A
3) Growing Instructions:
Growing: A very slow growing tree which prefers moist, lightly acidic soils for best growth. It is widely adaptable, however, and grows satisfactorily even on alkaline beach-sand type soils, so long as they are tended and irrigated. Frost tolerant to -3°C when established but protect from frost when young. Water well to encourage maximum crop yield. Do not over fertilize, although a small amount of slow release/organic fertilizer or organic matter such as compost mulch is fine.
- Sunlight requirements: Full sunlight to partial shade
- Propagation: The preferred method of propagating Jaboticaba is from the seeds, which are recalcitrant and not resistant to desiccation. Various vegetative propagation techniques are used to obtain earlier plants, mainly through root cuttings, layering, and grafts. However, the tree’s development is always slow.
- Difficulties with this plant and/or controlling spread: It grows painfully slowly. Controlling the spread of this plant is easy as it grows so slowly!
History of this Plant at Hedonisia:
Our jabuticaba trees are not fruiting yet!